You can also pot up bare root peonies in the fall or early winter and transplant them in the spring. Tree peonies typically have graft-unions on their roots. Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! Transplant it in the very early spring. He has worked professionally at gardens in Colorado, Florida, Minnesota, New York, North Carolina and Pennsylvania. Peonies can be left undisturbed in the garden for many years. The or border may require moving the peonies. If you want to transplant a peony, ideally you should wait until fall when the plant dies back. Provide support for varieties with large flowers. Begin by cutting off the peony stems near ground level. Do this in the fall for best results! Asked July 29, 2016, 4:26 PM EDT. Just need to remember the timing and choose the right method of transplantation. Cut down the foliage When to transplant peonies depends on the results you want. You can plant peonies in the spring, but you won’t get blooms for two years or so. Gardeners value the peony for its large, colorful flowers in spring and attractive, season-long foliage. In the northeast, the best time is in mid-September. To achieve the best results, prepare the beds in late summer or early fall. from the nursery, you get a bag of what appears to be dried up spiders. Spring transplanting also works fine as long as you wait until soil has warmed up a bit. A: In your area, and in zones 4 to 7, September is by far the best month to divide or move peonies, and it’s a good time for a lot of other perennials, too. Sometimes we need to find our plants a new home in our garden. Submitted by The Editors on April 23, 2019 - 2:45pm. And, what are … Again, digging and immediately transplanting peonies is best done in Ohio from late August to early September. M. on Jun 5, 2017. Traditionally, peonies are best planted in the late summer to early autumn which, according to Hope Weber of The Ohio State University Cooperative Extension Service, is late August to mid-September statewide. Peonies resent transplanting, so be sure you really want or need to move them. When to Transplant Peonies The best time to transplant peonies is in September when they’re past their summer growth and entering winter dormancy . Occasionally, however, it becomes necessary to move established plants. Can I transplant peonies in June or July? They are loved by gardeners for beautiful, gorgeous, lush flowers, for a sweet, rich aroma, for ease of cultivation and unpretentious care. The peonies bloomed in May so at least that was over with. When is it best to transplant peonies: in spring, summer or autumn? Place the cutting debris in the compost pile to decompose. When the soil is workable, the entire clump of peony roots (with soil mass intact) can be relocated to a new location, matching the root ball's soil level to that of the new plant hole. Bloom time for peonies varies from late spring to late summer, depending on variety, but all types are best planted in the fall, about 6 weeks before the ground freezes. The soil pH ideally is slightly acidic to neutral (6.5 to 7.5). Peonies have been a staple in central Ohio gardens for generations, and for good reason. If you amend the soil before the winter, you have a better chance at killing perennial weeds, removing sod and subjecting clay soils to the clod-breaking action of the freezing and thawing cycles of winter. Large, vigorous plants can be dug and divided for propagation purposes. Their flowers are magnificent but fleeting, lasting only a few weeks in … Transplanting Peonies. The month of September gives the roots time to settle in and grow before frost hardens the ground. Alternatively, clumps of herbaceous peonies can be dug up in early to mid-spring just as the new red foliage is emerging. The University of Ohio Extension recommends loosening the soil to a depth of 18 to 24 inches and adding 1/3 by volume of compost or well-rotted manure to overwinter. There are two ways to propagate these flowers - using seeds and dividing the root. If you are planting peonies in a bed that has never before been used for growing perennial plants, amend the soil so it allows your peonies to absorb the maximum amount of nutrients. Try to retain as much of the root system as possible. Plant, divide and transplant peonies in early fall for best results, but early spring will suffice as long as the soil is workable. As a rule, hostas tend to grow bigger the longer they stay in one spot, so if you’re wanting a substantially sized plant, avoid frequent transplanting. Peonies are the permanent inhabitants of many gardens and flowerbeds. The foliage is supplying food to the root system--the key to healthy plants and abundant flower production in the future. Incorporate large amounts of compost, well-rotted manure or fallen leaves, and other organic material into the soil. The best time of year for transplanting peonies is September. Your email address will not be published. Use a sharp spade to dig beneath the peony clump. Prune back peony stems and foliage by 50 percent in height with a hand pruners or heavy duty scissors. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Peony Transplant Features in Spring Cut peony stems back to 1 or 2 inches above the soil line after the first killing frost. Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →, Peony image by lidia_smile from Fotolia.com, The Ohio State University Cooperative Extension: Growing Peonies, Ohio State University's Plant Facts: Garden Tips. These union scars must be 4 to 5 inches below the soil surface, certainly no deeper. The best time to move your peonies … For the most part, transplanting peonies is a job that doesn’t usually need done for 10 to 15 years. This will allow ample sunlight to access the shrub and proper air circulation to prevent fungal diseases that tend to attack peonies during wet springs. At first glance, this is a troublesome thing, but in practice everything is different. Ohio's fertile soils, cold winters and warm summers create a gardening environment conducive to growing peonies--both herbaceous and tree types. Knowing when to transplant your peonies is half the battle of a successful move. Peonies are infamous for being difficult to transplant, but if you do need to transplant them, you should do so in the fall rather than the spring. Suggested Project Book. How to transplant peonies. You may opt to cut off old flowers or the developing four-part seed heads on peonies, but never remove green or yellowing leaves. Honestly, the best time to transplant peonies is in September. Wait until the month of September. With the possible exception of peonies, my experience is that all other perennials do just fine. Required fields are marked *. If you want to avoid any possible interruption of growth or flowering, transplanting peonies in fall, when plants are dormant, is best. In order to set their flower buds, peony roots should be planted relatively close to the soil surface; only about 2-3 inches deep. This allows the roots to establish in cool, moist soil before winter and begin a new season of growth the following spring. How and when can I transplant? Lay a 4- to 6-inch layer of mulch to protect roots from being heaved out of the ground during winter freezes and thaws. Peonies require at least 3 feet between each plant. Division of large peony clumps requires a few additional steps. Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. Only cut away fully brown and dead leaves or any rotting plant materials. Container-grown plants can be planted into the ground any time of year as long as the soil is not hard with frost or overly wet. These eyes must be between 1 and 2 inches below the soil surface. darlenes-2010 Planting them too deeply prevents production of flowers. These peonies grow 2 to 4 feet tall and are thrive in USDA Plant Hardiness Zones 10 to 2, making them perfect for growth in Ohio, whose northern half sits in Zone 5 and whose southern half sits in Zone 6. Keep potted peonies protected from severe freezing/thawing/freezing - store slightly moist in a garage/shed when temperatures dip below 10 degrees Fahrenheit for extended periods. Care is needed to preserve the integrity of the root ball of plants once removed from the container and planted in the garden. Reply. September is the best time to transplant established peonies. The peony has been a popular perennial in American gardens since the 1800's. Prepare an area 3 feet by 3 feet in size for each peony plant by cultivating with a shovel to a depth of 12 to 16 inches. Herbaceous peonies can be propagated by division in autumn, while tree peonies are better propagated by layering. More on growing peonies: can be grown anywhere in Ohio, with concern only about sweeping winds which can cause heavy flowers to flop the stems over or dry the peony plants if it's warm and soils are unfavorably dry. Wright holds a graduate diploma in environmental horticulture from the University of Melbourne, Australia, and a Master of Science in public horticulture from the University of Delaware. You may opt to cut off old flowers or the developing four-part seed heads on peonies, but never remove green or yellowing leaves. Peonies perform best in full sun and well-drained soils. It sounds like they were getting shaded out by the trees—plant them in a sunny spot for the best flowering. Many nurseries sell both herbaceous and tree peonies in plastic containers. I know they don't like to be transplanted. Peonies need a good chill for dormancy and Ohio winters amply provide that necessary cold treatment. –Tree peonies are less hardy and do not require the same low temperature lows. Peonies require a fertile, moist soil that has good drainage after rain or irrigation. Then carefully dig around and under each plant. But it's also possible to dig and plant the entire root ball in the spring before the plants start to sprout new growth for the season. Lift the root clump gently with a gardening fork and wash away the soil so the eyes are visible. Herbaceous peony roots look like beige to white-colored carrots, with small growing points at the top called "eyes.". The most common peonies in the home garden are Paeonia hybrids, or garden peonies. Again, digging and immediately transplanting peonies is best done in Ohio from late August to early September. Start digging a good 18 inches away from the crown of the plant. If you must move a mature plant, fall is the time to do it—specifically, when the plant has gone dormant. Gypsum, the Extension advises, does not work as a soil softener in Ohio. In the spring, one of the first to bloom bright, large buds of peonies, filling the air with a wonderful aroma. Avoid shady areas near large trees and shrubs. Jacob J. Wright became a full-time writer in 2008, with articles appearing on various websites. Once planted, monitor the soil and supplement with irrigation when rains are lacking in order to keep the soil evenly moist. Poorly drained soils can often be improved by working in large amounts of compost or peat. September is the best time to transplant peonies. Plant bare-root peonies in the late summer or early fall and container-grown peonies in the early spring. Helpful. Being long-lived plants, this is why proper soil and planting site preparation behooves gardeners. Container-grown plants can be planted into the ground any time of year as long as the soil is not hard with frost or overly wet. Transplanting rhubarb is done to increase the size of your rhubarb garden, to decrease the size of your rhubarb garden, and to maintain healthy plants.This is a great task to tackle in the fall when you are already preparing your vegetable garden for winter. Transplanting rhubarb becomes a necessity no matter how good the gardener or how nice the garden. Virtual Tour of Ohio Farm Bureau’s Land and Living Display at the Ohio State Fair (end). Reply. Your email address will not be published. You may opt to cut off old flowers or the developing four-part seed heads on peonies, but never remove green or yellowing leaves. Bare-rooted or freshly dug-up peony plants can be planted at two different times of the year. Situated in USDA Hardiness Zones 5 and 6, peonies (Paeonia spp.) "A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants"; Christopher Brickell and H. Marc Cathey, eds. Transplant peonies closer to Labor Day in Maine, but more into October in southern New York or Connecticut, for example. Gardeners consider the second method to be more optimal. How often you need to transplant hostas varies. Peonies shaded by large trees or shrubs should be moved to a sunny site to improve flowering. Peonies respond well to humus-rich soils with luxuriant leaf growth and flower production. All Rights Reserved. First, dig up the plant. Place the potted peony in the hole so the top of the root ball is level with the soil, tamp down the soil gently and water well. In the fall, peonies are preparing for dormancy. Peonies are long-lived and will provide years of enjoyment, especially if you take the time to create perfect growing conditions. We were closing on a Thursday afternoon and moving most of our stuff from the old house to the new house on Friday and Saturday. The average low temperature for Ohio is between 0 and -20 degrees Fahrenheit. Plant peonies in the fall: in late September and October in most of the U.S., and even later in the fall in Zones 7 and 8. Strictly speaking, September is more late summer than fall, but your neighbor has the right idea. Alternatively, clumps of herbaceous peonies can be dug up in early to mid-spring just as the new red foliage is emerging. Plant bare-root peonies so the eyes—the small, red-colored buds along the roots—are 1 to 2 inches below the soil surface, but no deeper than 2 inches. How to Transplant Peonies in the Spring ; When you purchase peony roots (Paeonia spp.) The planting site for both types should be in a place that receives full sun. Use a clean, sharp tool to divide the clump into sections, each with 3 to 5 eyes and good roots. Locate a garden bed that receives at least six hours of direct sunlight daily. Peonies in one place can grow for many years, but sooner or later, gardeners face the issue of transplanting bushes. Their metabolism slows, causing … All peonies require a moist but well-drained soil in full sun. If planting is done while the plant is flowering or during the heat of summer, irrigation is needed to keep the soil consistently moist (but never soggy) to prevent leaf abortion or premature yellowing of foliage. Generally speaking, peony plants resent root disturbance. While it is technically possible to transplant them in spring or in summer before they go dormant, transplanting in those times is not recommended and seldom practiced because success is unpredictable and the flowering takes two to three years longer. This allows herbaceous and tree peonies to reside undisturbed for three or more years; herbaceous peonies may be dug and divided after three or more years growing in one location. (Find your planting zone here.) When To Plant Plant bare root peonies in the fall before at least six weeks before first frost. Ohio's fertile soils, cold winters and warm summers create a gardening environment conducive to growing peonies--both herbaceous and tree types. Peonies will be happy for years without being moved, but if you notice your peonies flowering less, the plants would probably benefit from division. Fall is the recommended time for transplanting to avoid disrupting the bloom cycle. To provide them with abundant flowering every year, it is necessary to timely transplant peonies in the fall to another place. The exact timing differs by region, but mid-August for Northern gardeners and early November for Southern gardeners is a general guideline. Peonies transplant better when you divide them. But since we were moving in late June, it had to be done then. Prepare a hole for container-grown peonies that is twice the diameter of the pot. When to Transplant Peonies . Now, ideally, you’re going to want to transplant peonies in September or October. You can also tackle moving peonies in early spring before plants sprout (while they’re still dormant). Incorporate well-rotted manure or aged compost into the bottom of the hole for both types. Helpful. It may feel odd to leave roots so exposed, but peonies actually need this chilling to attain dormancy and set buds. It may feel odd to leave roots so exposed, but peonies actually need this chilling to attain dormancy and set buds. When selecting a planting site, choose an area that receives full sun. These peonies grow 2 to 4 feet tall and are thrive in USDA Plant Hardiness Zones 10 to 2, making them perfect for growth in Ohio, whose northern half sits in Zone 5 and whose southern half sits in Zone 6. However, you may successfully transplant peonies in the spring, though you should be aware that plants moved during this season are not likely to produce the abundant flowers or foliage they've produced in the past—or may take a season or two before they start blooming. 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Disrupting the bloom cycle container-grown peonies in plastic containers the garden of large peony clumps requires a few steps! The recommended time for transplanting to avoid disrupting the bloom cycle their metabolism slows, …. Alternatively, clumps of herbaceous peonies can be planted at two different times of the year soil pH ideally slightly... Peonies need a good 18 inches away from the container and planted in the northeast the... Peonies bloomed in may so at least six weeks before first frost to provide them with abundant every! Over with sprout ( while they ’ re going to want to transplant peonies in the spring you wait... Fall and container-grown peonies that is well drained out of the plant has dormant! I know they do n't like to be dried up spiders amply that. The ground in large amounts of when to transplant peonies in ohio, well-rotted manure or aged compost into the bottom of the hole container-grown...