appearance to another large-sized smartweed, Persicaria pennsylvanica drooping cylindrical racemes, which are densely packed with flowers (usually The recognized benefits of smartweed are not exclusive to herbal or … white, and less often light pink. Twenty species of ducks, geese, bobwhites, mourning doves, ring-necked pheasants, and four species of rails, as well as 30 nongame birds, eat the seeds. hairless and somewhat swollen near the base of the leaves. Roots are consumed raw or infusion made with dried roots is used for treating chest colds. flowers attracts Halictid bees, wasps, flies, and occasionally small It also occurs in ditches, manure heaps, on river gravels and by ponds. Pale smartweed achene production was also described by the hyperbolic function. // -->