The book also ponders on the practice of Antyodaya in agricultural extension communication in India and communication within Japanese business organizations. Being explicit and unambiguous is usually the priority. ( Log Out /  Power distance and face saving. International business culture tends to privilege Western approaches to negotiation, centered in problem-solving and linear communication, as do many settings. As a graduate student, psychologist Jim Stigler went to East Asia to research teaching methods and learn more about the differences between Eastern and Western learning styles. Eastern culture uses the spiritual and missionary approach of searching inside oneself for answers through meditation whereas western culture takes on a pragmatic and emotional approach in searching outside oneself through research and analysis. The selection is a valuable reference for researchers interested in the Eastern and Western perspectives of communication theory. Direct communication is often used in Western, low context cultures. These differences can be noted mainly in people’s behavior and attitudes. Top 8 Differences in Nonverbal Communication Across Cultures. An Asian manager wants the employee to be loyal to the company and to him, without showing own initiative, while a western employee would want to be able to show his skills and to pursue personal fulfilment. A manager moving from Australia to India will be expected to communicate their plans for the company more than they did before. For those interested in working in China, here are eight cultural contrasts between Eastern and Western cultures to better prepare your cross-cultural transition. We should respect both and follow our own culture. When it comes to business communication and decision making, both East and West have different points of view and stances. Western religions are the religions that originate in the Western areas like Americas and throughout Europe. Advanced search. In high context communication these nonverbal gestures are also a very important part of communication, so to understand the person completely you need to understand their nonverbal communication. * First, Western Culture are more liberals than Eastern one. Article shared by. Western managers often try to convince staff that “everyone’s opinion counts,” “we’re all in the same boat” and similar ideas related to the flattening of class structure. Eastern vs Western Philosophy. Apart from geographical locations, these two parts of the world have differences in their way of life and the approach to life in general. These factors caused the Western civilization to turn to the treasure house of the Eastern civilization for fresh nourishments, and the Eastern and Western civilizations thus entered a new period of mutual learning, dialogue and communication. A. Lineal time concept In the westerners traditional ideas, time was compared to a line, a running river, time is straight. Eastern students have low willingness to communicate and are not willing to communicate, which directly leads to weak communication skills. Instead, to overcome the limitations of Western communication perspectives, we need to utilize collective wisdom to come up with East-West integrated studies. Cross-cultural communication: East vs. West. Of course one can't generalize everyone into these 'categories 'but the drawings do capture the essence of cultural differences between the western and Asian cultures , in a snippy entertaining way. . Cultural and religious rather than geographical in division, the boundaries of East and West are not fixed, but vary according to the criteria adopted by individuals using the term.. Low-context cultures value direct communication with the message spelled out loud as clearly as possible, while high context cultures rely more on indirect communication, also taking into account background information and subtext. These styles are used mostly in individualist cultures, and are more commonly valued in “Western” cultures and countries. For those interested in working in China, here are eight cultural contrasts between Eastern and Western cultures to better prepare your cross-cultural transition. Have you ever wondered about the differences between Eastern and Western philosophies? While Eastern schools of thought have reputations for their tranquility and clarity of vision, they tend toward collectivism vs. western individualism. There is also a lack of self-care ability and a lack of life skills. There is a great difference between the cultures of Europe and Asia. Eastern companies may be a little more relaxed when it comes to starting times and deadlines. The most widely used model for personality - the Big Five - is explored in an extensive. For example, Brazilians, French-Swiss, and the Maltese are the most extroverted while Nigerians, Moroccans, and Indonesians ranked as the most introverted. Eastern … In more individual (western) cultures maintaining face means preserving your image for other people and yourself. With global strategies taking precedence in the. Logically, the western employee would have to change since the company is Asian-led, but if the Asian manager wants to be an effective leader he must learn how to lead western employees. ISBN: 978-0 … Key Difference: Eastern religions are the religions that originate in the Eastern areas like China, Southeast Asia, India and Japan. Everybody was quiet and agreed. There has been done many research on the topic how to deal with these communication differences. Understanding specific Asian markets as well as the main differences in business etiquette between the Eastern and Western world is essential in order to expand your business and strive in Asia. While Eastern schools of thought have reputations for their tranquility and clarity of vision, they tend toward collectivism vs. western individualism. It is called “lineal view of time”. ( Log Out /  A Chinese manager moving to Eastern Europe will struggle if their employees view them as too risk-averse. Culture pervades every aspect of life. Most westerners will speak openly with honesty and are always to the point. Here is a list of top 10 differences between Eastern and Western Cultures that show a few broad demarcations between them. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. "everyone must have a car to feel good". published in 2013, cultural origins correlate with patterns of leadership behaviours. The characteristics of each culture are They also do not just take their own opinion into account, but they listen to what their group thinks. Western vs Eastern Way of Thinking Be aware that the comparison of thinking between China and western countries is only talking in generalities, thinking patterns vary from person to person, we are not saying that each Chinese or western people think the same way as what we’re going to talk about. Western culture allows people to be more open minded and critical. Have you ever wondered about the differences between Eastern and Western philosophies? East and west have a different perception of power and power distance. Main Difference – Eastern vs Western Culture. In PigeonLab, we’re dedicated to building a product that is flexible enough to fit into any work culture in any country. Why? According to renowned anthropologist Edward Hall, you can differentiate intercultural communication by defining each culture by the value they place on indirect or direct communication. In the U.S. and most western cultures, direct communication is usually the preferred style. The paper revealed that there is a pattern of similar personality types in cultural groups. With Direct communication is meant that a person speaks out his intention with words, he will say exactly what he means. by defining each culture by the value they place on indirect or direct communication. Differences among cultures Eastern Vs. Western Cultures Eastern cultures are seen as collectivists so therefore they show less emotion or show emotions in private settings in order to keep the well-being of the group in tact. Collectivism – individuals are part of a group and the needs of the group come before the individual. A person’s approach to leadership could also depend on one’s culture, according to Caroline Rook, former INSEAD Dutch Alumni Fellow. The book of illustrations highlights bewildering differences between eastern and western experiences. Collectivists or eastern people may want to avoid conflict as much as possible to maintain their image. That is why it is important to have knowledge of these different ways of communicating. These differences can be noted for the most part in people’s behavior and attitudes. Eastern students have low willingness to communicate and are not willing to communicate, which directly leads to weak communication skills. In high context cultures people use a lot of indirect and nonverbal communication and are mostly collectivistic. I began to understand that ‘my way’ is not ‘everybody’s way’ and especially not the ‘better’ way. Of course, being a system implies a lot of things are bound, but generally it does its utmost to elevate individual approaches to … So while Singaporeans are comfortable with outbursts of frustration in the office, this behaviour would be unacceptable in Japan. However, one thing remains true: to be a global citizen, cultural sensitivity is crucial, especially when communicating with others in the workplace. The differences can pose a challenge for multinational companies trying to align everyone to a single mission and vision. For example, Indians want to say ‘Yes’ while Japanese don’t want to say ‘No.’ Americans want to demonstrate a can-do attitude, hoping to figure it out later, while Germans will forewarn you of all the problems you will face and how difficult it will be so they don’t make promises they cannot keep. Major Differences between Chinese and Western Culture are not just about ways of thinking and communication. People from Western cultures on the other hand are more individualistic and use low context communication, meaning they use concrete language and direct communication to get their point across. East and West may have numerous differences based on culture. These concepts are a running thread through many eastern and western cultural differences. Most of the research on interpersonal attraction has been carried out in Western societies, especially the United Kingdom and United States. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. International Marketing. Find out more about how you can adapt Pigeonhole Live to your needs here. Historically, Asia (excluding Siberia) was regarded as the East, and Europe was regarded as the West.  The Eastern Church vs. the Western Church In the year 1054, due to political, cultural and religious reasons, the Great Schism divided Christianity into the Eastern Church (the Orthodox Church) and the Western Church (the Catholic Church). Eastern Cultures are often perceived as high context cultures where collectivism is important. Managing intercultural communication differences. Low-context cultures value direct communication with the message spelled out loud as clearly as possible, while high context cultures rely more on indirect communication, also taking into account background information and subtext. Eastern people often feel confident that they know quite a bit about western culture. (5) As humans mature, they learn when and where it is Difference between chinese and western ***, Eastern and Western comparison on ways of viewing things, Difference Between Chinese and Western Culture, Communication Differences Between Eastern and Western, General culture comparison 2 : Chinese features, General culture comparison 1 : Western features. First of all, Eastern and Western people have different attitudes toward their life. Western ventures as well as expat foreign workers that start working in the Middle East face many challenges due to the differences in their communication style. All the mentioned communication differences can cause misunderstanding, enhance a conflict or even cause a conflict. The difference in Power distance and protecting your image is clearly visible between eastern and western cultures. Surprisingly, the rules around displays of emotion aren’t segregated to Eastern and Western cultures. ( Log Out /  Find out more about how you can adapt Pigeonhole Live to your needs, How to Organise Unique Hybrid Events of Any Size. As a manager, it is essential to listen to your employees, especially in a multi-national and multi-cultural team. The difference between direct and indirect communication can play a big part in misunderstanding. In interviews with western managers in Asia it becomes clear that just having knowledge is not always enough to work together effectively. ☆ Exploring a different culture is one of the most rewarding activities anyone can throw themselves into. The East produces individuals who immensely value their privilege to educate themselves and thus have a tendency to have a life-long love of learning. Yaolung James Hsieh. Bibliography Alkhazraji, K. M., Gardner III, W. L.(1997) The acculturation of immigrants to U.S. organizations. Imagine you are asking a colleague for feedback on your project An American manager would feel comfortable answering a question asked at face value, but a Chinese manager would prefer to take into consideration information left unsaid, such as the team that this person works in, their proximity with the issue, and any underlying problems associated with their question. To do this, you can negotiate, debate, discuss differences and most of all defending your own opinion. While the Eastern culture gives importance to respect, the Western culture has its own priorities and it prefers success. For example, leaders from South Asia are rated higher in their ability to develop and articulate their vision of the future, while those in the Anglo-cluster would be ranked lower. Confidence breeds hope. The difference in Power distance and protecting your image is clearly visible between eastern and western cultures. The nature of business communication style is the result of the combination of different factors, such as cultural, political, socio-economical and historical characteristics of a country. With global strategies taking precedence in the future of work, it is imperative to understand how different cultures communicate in the workplace and how to adapt to those differences in day-to-day events. 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